USCIS Processing Times for Immediate Relatives (I-130s) and Fiancé(e)s (I-129Fs)

This post includes two tables:

Table 1 shows processing times at all Service Centers for:

  • Forms I-130, Petitions for Alien Relatives, filed by U.S. citizens for immediate relatives (i.e., spouses, parents, or children under 21). More specifically, these processing times are for standalone I-130s, meaning I-130s not filed together with Form I-485, Application to Adjust Status; and
  • Forms I-129F, Petitions for Alien Fiancé(e)s. Upon approval of such petitions, the beneficiaries apply for K-1 or K-2 visas at U.S. consular posts abroad.

Source: USCIS Case Processing Times. These I-130s and I-129Fs are filed with USCIS lockboxes and from there routed to different Service Centers according to workload.

Table 2 shows numbers of I-130s received, approved, denied, and pending at each service center. Source: USCIS Performance Data.

Note that that the “average” processing times listed in Table 1 are the median of the processing times listed for each Service Center. This overstates processing times somewhat since presumably as USCIS lockboxes receive new I-130s they tend to route them for adjudication to Service Centers with the lightest workloads.

Table 1: Processing Times for standalone I-130s for immediate relatives

Date Checked: 2021-09-22
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California24.5 – 322019-02-07
Nebraska2.5 – 72021-02-25
Potomac13 – 16.52020-05-10
Texas10 – 132020-09-06
Vermont23.5 – 302019-03-28
Average14.5 – 19.5
I-129FCalifornia6 – 82021-01-25
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont9 – 11.52020-10-13
Average7.5 – 10
Date Checked: 2021-08-22
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California23.5 – 30.52019-2-19
Nebraska1.5 – 72021-1-28
Potomac13 – 172020-04-11
Texas9 – 11.52020-09-23
Vermont32 – 41.52018-03-24
Average16 – 21.5
I-129FCalifornia6 – 82020-12-28
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont8 – 10.52020-10-25
Average7 – 9
Date Checked: 2021-07-22
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California22.5 – 292019-2-23
Nebraska1 – 72020-12-24
Potomac13 – 172020-03-01
Texas8.5 – 10.52020-09-07
Vermont31 – 402018-03-28
Average13 – 21
I-129FCalifornia5.5 – 7.52020-12-13
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont7 – 92020-10-26
Average6 – 8
Date Checked: 2021-05-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California21.5 – 282019-02-09
Nebraska2 – 72020-10-30
Potomac13 – 172020-01-09
Texas8.5 – 10.52020-07-13
Vermont30 – 392018-03-13
Average15 – 20.5
I-129FCalifornia6 – 82020-10-04
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont6 – 82020-10-04
Average6 – 8
Date Checked: 2021-04-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California20.5 – 26.52019-02-17
Nebraska2 – 72020-10-31
Potomac13 – 16.52019-12-18
Texas8 – 10.52020-06-23
Vermont29 – 37.52018-03-22
Average14.5 – 19.5
I-129FCalifornia5.5 – 7.52020-09-20
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont5 – 72020-10-01
Average5.5 – 7.5
Date Checked: 2021-03-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California19.5 – 25.52019-02-27
Nebraska2 – 72020-08-31
Potomac12.5 – 16.52019-11-23
Texas9 – 122020-04-02
Vermont28 – 362018-03-31
Average14 – 19.5
I-129FCalifornia5 – 72020-08-29
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont23.5 – 302018-09-29
Average14 – 18.5
Date Checked: 2021-02-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California18.5 – 242019-03-11
Nebraska5 – 72020-08-02
Potomac12 – 162019-11-16
Texas8.5 – 112020-04-03
Vermont27 – 352018-04-12
Average12.5 – 18.5
I-129FCalifornia5.5 – 7.52020-08-01
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont22.5 – 292018-10-11
Average14 – 18
Date Checked: 2021-01-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California16 – 212019-05-08
Nebraska6 – 82020-06-09
Potomac11.5 – 152019-11-02
Texas8.5 – 10.52020-03-17
Vermont26 – 33.52018-04-18
Average13.5 – 17.5
I-129FCalifornia6 – 82020-06-03
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont21.5 – 27.52018-10-17
Average14 – 18
Date Checked: 2020-12-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California15 – 19.52019-05-17
Nebraska7 – 92020-04-09
Potomac11.5 – 14.52019-10-15
Texas8 – 10.52020-02-23
Vermont25 – 32.52018-04-27
Average13.5 – 17
I-129FCalifornia7.5 – 9.52020-03-27
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont20.5 – 26.52018-10-26
Average14 – 18
Date Checked: 2020-11-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California14 – 18.52019-05-25
Nebraska7 – 9.52020-02-27
Potomac11 – 14.52019-09-24
Texas7.5 – 9.52020-02-13
Vermont24 – 31.52018-04-26
Average13 – 17
I-129FCalifornia6.5 – 82020-03-30
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont18.5 – 242019-01-29
Average12.5 – 16
Date Checked: 2020-10-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California12 – 162019-07-14
Nebraska6.5 – 8.52020-02-20
Potomac10.5 – 13.52019-09-17
Texas6.5 – 8.52021-02-21
Vermont22 – 28.52018-06-15
Average11.5 – 15
I-129FCalifornia5 – 72020-03-30
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont16.5 – 21.52019-01-29
Average11 – 14
Date Checked: 2020-09-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California11 – 14.52019-07-24
Nebraska6.5 – 8.52017-01-17
Potomac9 – 11.52019-10-15
Texas6 – 7.52020-01-13
Vermont21 – 27.52018-06-25
Average11 – 14
I-129FCalifornia5 – 72020-02-29
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont15.5 – 202019–01-29
Average10 – 13.5
Date Checked: 2020-08-27
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California11 – 14.52019-06-23
Nebraska6.5 – 8.52019-12-17
Potomac9 – 11.52019-07-14
Texas6 – 7.52020-01-13
Vermont21 – 27.52018-05-25
Average11 – 14
I-129FCalifornia5 – 72020-01-29
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont15.5 – 202018-12-29
Average10 – 13.5
Date Checked: 2020-07-28
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130California5 – 72019-12-29
Nebraska7 – 9.52019-10-27
Potomac10 – 12.52019-07-17
Texas4.5 – 72019-12-31
Vermont20.5 – 26.52018-05-25
Average9.4 – 12.5
I-129FCalifornia5 – 72019-12-28
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont14.5 – 192019-01-07
Average10 – 13
Date Checked: 2020-06-28
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130Californianone shownnone shown
Nebraska10.5 – 13.52019-05-26
Potomac7 – 92019-10-02
Texas6 – 82019-11-07
Vermont19.5 – 252018-06-03
Average11 – 14
I-129FCalifornia5 – 72019-11-29
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont13.5 – 17.52019-01-16
Average9 – 12
Date Checked: 2020-05-22
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130Californianone shownnone shown
Nebraska12.5 – 162019-01-30
Potomac7 – 92019-08-27
Texas5 – 72019-10-25
Vermont17.5 – 22.52018-07-14
Average10.5 – 13.5
I-129FCalifornia5 – 72019-10-23
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont17 – 22.52018-07-23
Average11 – 15
Date Checked: 2020-04-23
FormUSCIS service centerEstimated time range (in months)Receipt date for a case inquiry
I-130Californianone shownnone shown
Nebraska12.5 – 162018-12-31
Potomac9 – 122019-05-07
Texas7.5 – 9.52019-07-21
Vermont16.5 – 212018-07-25
Average11.5 – 14.5
I-129FCalifornia5 – 72019-09-30
Nebraskanone shownnone shown
Potomacnone shownnone shown
Texasnone shownnone shown
Vermont16 – 212018-08-09
Average10.5 – 14

Table 2: Numbers of I-130s received, approved, denied, and pending at each service center

PeriodService CenterPetitions ReceivedApprovedDeniedPending
Apr. -Jun. 2021 California21,8774,98967538,231
Nebraska21,96420,6051,26320,137
Texas21,88812,8101,16866,601
Vermont22,3108,04547544,270
Potomac22,03513,2161,21567,387
Jan. -Mar. 2021 California10,9157,59596521,180
Nebraska18,04521,1421,73619,812
Texas18,73719,9431,11258,116
Vermont11,07810,41388128,708
Potomac14,02014,84791960,096
Oct.-Dec. 2020California4,9246,26881816,427
Nebraska12,47520,3111,80924,370
Texas19,65316,5461,07763,422
Vermont4,5806,57140025,803
Potomac14,08311,4001,04162,577
Jul.-Sept. 2020California5,7327,6031.19616,832
Nebraska16,15921,8163,01931,720
Texas26,09016,82899960,008
Vermont5,7056,65118827,453
Potomac14,48213,1511,57559,317
Apr.-June 2020California3,98116,0042,97217,373
Nebraska12,83223,7234,72939,942
Texas17,07825,98170752,814
Vermont4,1757,28915527,149
Potomac11,31714,4581,20258,296
Jan.-Mar. 2020California7,5162,99961327,590
Nebraska22,28521,5124,22062,060
Texas28,62421,9541,66968,456
Vermont7,9104,34611137,540
Potomac19,3396,6071,05569,778
Oct.-Dec. 2019California(Data withheld)3,0055515,088
Nebraska27,92322,2151,51194,925
Texas41,41135,5771,99596,169
Vermont2522871293,366
Potomac19.0527,6781,20553,296

27 comments

  1. With the current COVID situation, what is the I-129f situation and are there any steps one can take to ensure a prompt processing?

    1. Bukaz: You raise an important question. The processing times shown here report current processing times. But you are asking for a prediction about future processing times, which may be impacted by various factors, such as: (a) how will COVID-19 impact the number of applications/petitions submitted and the number of officers assigned to adjudicate them? (b) how will USCIS’ budgetary woes (Update: USCIS Cancels Employee Furlough, But Processing Delays Loom) impact processing times? (c) what priority is USCIS giving to this type of case now under the Trump administration, and how might that change if there were a Biden administration? Unfortunately, I don’t have a crystal ball.

  2. Hi
    My priority date is October 2019 for an I-130 in the F2A category (spouse or unmarried child of a permanent resident) filed at the California Service Center. The processing times posted by USCIS seem to increase every month.

    Thanks

  3. Hi
    I’m a US citizen. I filed an I-130 for my spouse. The Texas Service Center received it May 7, 2019, but no decision has been made yet. What should I do?

    1. Alysha: USCIS suggests: “We have posted a ‘Receipt date for a case inquiry’ … to show when you can inquire about your case. If your receipt date is before the ‘Receipt date for a case inquiry,’ you can submit an ‘outside normal processing time’ service request online.” You may also want to scheduled a consultation to have our firm review your I-130 for any issues that could potentially cause delay.

  4. My receipt date on Form I-129F for K3 (spouse of U.S. citizen) is December 2019. It is already outside the normal processing time per USCIS website. I completed the Form for Outside Normal Processing Time, waited 1 month, no response. Are they really processing I129Fs?

    1. Hello. USCIS sent a receipt notice of our I-129F K-1 Fiancé Visa on April 13, 2020.
      The last update on their website about our case is from April 15, 2020. (Current status: Case was receieved)
      Should we expect an update in the next 4 days as it will be 7months by that time?

      1. PMC:

        Start by checking the status of your I-129F online. Find the receipt number on your receipt notice and then check the status here: https://egov.uscis.gov/casestatus/landing.do.

        Assuming the status shows your case is still pending, you next should look at your receipt notice to identify which USCIS service center is handling your case. Then, you can look at the above table to identify the estimated processing time. Finally, if the receipt date for your I-129F is earlier than the “receipt date for a case inquiry,” you should file an inquiry with USCIS to check the status of your case. The inquiry can be made by phone to the USCIS Contact Center or by using the “Case Outside Normal Processing Time” e-Request form at https://egov.uscis.gov/e-request/Intro.do.

    1. Lucky: USCIS has not assigned USCIS Texas, Potomac, or Nebraska Service Center to adjudicate I-129Fs. All I-129Fs are currently being adjudicated by the California and Vermont Service Centers.

  5. Hola Abogado…

    Presenté dos formularios de I-130 para mis hijos menores de edad.En este caso mi petición es de primer órden??
    Que tiempo se podría demorar???
    Lo están procesando en en Centro de Servicios de Nebraska.
    Gracias…

  6. Hello – Is there a way to determine whether the California or Vermont Service Center will process my I-129F? They both have drastically different processing times so I am just curious as to what factors will determine which service center processes the application. Thanks in advance!

  7. Just to get this right, it is now taking 3 years to process I-130s through the Vermont Service Center?!? Really?? The “Receipt date for a case inquiry” is the full 39 months earlier. A year earlier it was 16 to 18 months (less than 1/2 the time). Did the people at the VSC just take a year’s vacation during Covid?

    Is there any type of “National Association of Immigration Attorneys”? Can’t you guys talk to someone in charge to say “Hey, what’s the problem here?”.

    1. BH Jones: The first thing to realize is that the Trump administration policy was to slow legal immigration, and many tactics were used to that end, including slowing down I-130 processing times.

      The American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) is advocating strongly that the Biden administration restore reasonable processing times. For example, see America as a Welcoming Nation: A Roadmap, https://www.aila.org/advo-media/tools/ailastandswithdreamers-week-of-action/american-as-a-welcoming-nation-a-roadmap. And for more details, see Policy Brief: How USCIS Can Dismantle the Invisible Wall Slowing Case Adjudication, https://www.aila.org/advo-media/aila-policy-briefs/policy-brief-recommendations-for-how-uscis.

      Hopefully the Biden administration will take steps to turn around the trend of increasing processing times. Here is one policy statement by the administration: FACT SHEET: President Biden Outlines Steps to Reform Our Immigration System by Keeping Families Together, Addressing the Root Causes of Irregular Migration, and Streamlining the Legal Immigration System, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/02/02/fact-sheet-president-biden-outlines-steps-to-reform-our-immigration-system-by-keeping-families-together-addressing-the-root-causes-of-irregular-migration-and-streamlining-the-legal-immigration-syst/

      1. Gary, thanks for the reply and the links.

        “The first thing to realize is that the Trump administration policy was to slow legal immigration, and many tactics were used to that end, including slowing down I-130 processing times.” Imagine your boss telling you to “work slower”.

  8. Now that the I130 is taking so long at the california center, should I apply for K3 visa right after applying for I 130 ?

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