Our law firm routinely assists clients in obtaining China police certificates for purposes such as immigration (to the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries) or employment background checks. Our clients include foreign nationals, including former Chinese citizens, and residents of Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan.
A police certificate is a document confirming you have no conviction (or listing your convictions) within a jurisdiction.
A police certificate is also known as a police clearance certificate (PCC), or no criminal record (NCR) certificate. In Chinese, it is commonly referred to as a 无犯罪记录证明书 (certificate of no criminal conviction). For sample, see here.
Unlike most countries, in China, most cities will only issue a police certificate covering the time you resided in that city (or maybe in that province). As a result, if you have lived in multiple locations, you may need multiple police certificates.
Rules for issuance of police certificates vary from city to city. The rules may not be published, especially in smaller cities.
Typically, to apply, the applicant or another person with a power of attorney (委托书) signed by the applicant must first visit the local public security bureau to apply for a police letter. Then, that police letter must be brought to a local notary office to apply for the certificate to be notarized. The notary can issue the police certificate with a translation to English or another language, if required.
Note on Unobtainable Police Certificates
There are cases where a China police certificate is unobtainable. Most commonly, in some cities, a police certificate will not be issued if:
- you no longer have your passport used when you resided in the city
- you failed to complete the temporary residence registration (临时住宿登记) process when you lived in the city, or you have lost and the police cannot find copies of your temporary residence registration forms
- when you lived in the city, you held short-term visas (such as ) rather than residence permits (居留许可) issued by the local public security bureau’s exit-entry administration
The United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries will waive the police certificate requirement upon presentation of proof that the police certificate is unobtainable. For instance:
- United States: “In the event that the immigrant establishes to the satisfaction of the consular officer that” a police clearance “is unobtainable, the consular officer may permit the immigrant to submit … other satisfactory evidence of the fact to which such document or record would, if obtainable, pertain.” 9 FAM 504.4-4(F) (emphasis added). Such other satisfactory evidence that a person has no criminal conviction may include, for example, “proof of membership in or affiliation with a reputable religious organization in a religious capacity during periods of foreign residence may be accepted as such evidence.” 9 FAM 504.4-4(B) (emphasis added). In our experience, an individual’s own affidavit or an employer letter may also be satisfactory evidence that a person has no conviction.
- Canada: Rules require that an applicant show proof that they requested a police certificate from the correct authorities and explain why it cannot be issued.
Unfortunately, in many situations the public security bureau and notary will not provide documentation showing that an application was made and why it was refused. Our law firm will request that the agency put this decision in writing. If the agency refuses to put the decision in writing, we will document this refusal. We will provide a declaration explaining that the police certificate has been denied and that the denial cannot be overcome through reasonable efforts. The declaration will be accompanied by supporting evidence, relevant Chinese rules about issuance and notarization of police certificates, and certified English translations.
Hiring Our Law Firm
- Tier 1 and Tier 2 Cities: Our firm’s standard fee is USD 950 to 1300 to provide a police certificate (or proof that a certificate is unobtainable). See the below list of Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities.
- Smaller Cities–Additional Research Fee: In smaller cities, rules regarding issuance of police certificates tend to be less clear and less evenly enforced. Therefore, after we receive your Client Questionnaire, we will research the local requirements and procedures, then provide you a summary along with a quote. We will charge you a research fee of USD 100 to provide that. That is in addition to our standard fee listed above.
- Discounts: Discounts are available if you need certificates from multiple cities or if multiple family members are applying at the same time.
- Payment Methods: You can pay in USD or RMB. Payment options are listed in the below Client Questionnaire.
Processing Times: Processing times vary by city but are typically 7-10 weeks. After the police certificate is issued, we will send it to you via international courier, such as FedEx.
Client Questionnaire: If you are interested in hiring our firm, please fill the below Client Questionnaire then email us documents requested in our follow-up email. We will treat them confidentially. We need to review your questionnaire and documents to confirm how best to help you. We will then give you a quote.
We Can Assist Nationwide
We can assist with applying for police certificates anywhere in Mainland China.
Below is a list of Tier 1and Tier 2 cities, for which no research fee is charged:
- Anhui (安徽): Hefei (合肥)
- Beijing (北京)
- Chongqing (重庆)
- Fujian (福建): Fuzhou (福州), Quanzhou (泉州), Xiamen (厦门)
- Gansu (甘肃): Lanzhou (兰州)
- Guangdong (广东): Guangzhou (广州), Shenzhen (深圳), Shantou (汕头), Dongguan (东莞), Foshan (佛山), Zhuhai (珠海), Huizhou (惠州), Zhongshan (中山)
- Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Zone (广西壮族自治区): Nanning (南宁)
- Guizhou (贵州): Guiyang (贵阳)
- Hainan (海南): Haikou (海口)
- Hebei (河北): Shijiazhuang (石家庄)
- Heilongjiang (黑龙江): Harbin (哈尔滨)
- Henan (河南): Zhengzhou (郑州)
- Hubei (湖北): Wuhan (武汉)
- Hunan (湖南): Changsha (长沙)
- Jiangsu (江苏): Changzhou (常州), Nanjing (南京), Nantong (南通), Suzhou (苏州), Wuxi (无锡), Xuzhou (徐州)
- Jiangxi (江西): Nanchang (南昌)
- Jilin (吉林): Changchun (长春)
- Liaoning (辽宁): Shenyang (沈阳), Dalian (大连)
- Shaanxi (陕西): Xi’an (西安)
- Shandong (山东): Jinan (济南), Qingdao (青岛), Yantai (烟台)
- Shanghai (上海)
- Shanxi (山西): Taiyuan (太原)
- Sichuan (四川): Chengdu (成都)
- Tianjin (天津)
- Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Zone (新疆维吾尔族自治区): Urumqi (乌鲁木齐)
- Yunnan (云南): Kunming (昆明)
- Zhejiang (浙江): Hangzhou (杭州), Jiaxing (嘉兴), Jinhua (金华), Wenzhou (温州), Ningbo (宁波), Shaoxing (绍兴), Taizhou (台州)
Thanks, Gary, for providing an expert legal opinion explaining to the U.S. Embassy in London that it would be impossible for my wife to obtain a Chinese police certificate. At the immigrant visa interview, the consular officer reviewed the documentation and approved the visa a few minutes later. It worked perfectly.
Chodorow Law Offices helped get my Canada permanent residence application approved. In particular, the law firm proved to Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that it was not possible for me to meet the normal requirement of submitting a police certificate from China, where I previously lived. The firm’s work was quick, with clear, prompt, and personal communications, thanks especially to Pete Zhang. I have no hesitation in recommending your firm.
Gary Chodorow and Pete Zhang were a great help to me in getting an immigrant visa at the U.S. Embassy in London. The Embassy initially denied my application because the public security bureau in China refused to issue me a police clearance on the grounds that I lacked sufficient evidence of my residence there long ago. Then I hired Chodorow Law Offices. With attention to detail and expertise, Gary and Pete prepared evidence that persuaded the Embassy to waive the China police clearance requirement and approve my visa application. Thank you!
I found Chodorow Law Offices at a time when my US visa application was stuck in administrative processing as I was unable to provide a Chinese police clearance covering my period of residence in China more than 10 years ago. Gary and Linda managed not only to solve my problem quickly but also to restore something I was starting to lose: hope. Their work helped me reunite with my wife in the US. I’ve read somewhere that a lawyer can change people’s lives. Chodorow Law Offices did that for me.
Thank you for your professional and timely management of my application for a China police clearance.
Hi Gary, I would like to thank you for helping with my husband’s Chinese Police Clearance. Because of you the impossible became possible: The US Embassy in Manila accepted his Police Clearance and, for his first year in China, accepted the evidence your team prepared showing that the Police Certificate was unobtainable. Thank you also to Susie Guo and all those in Chodorow Law Offices.
Pete Zhang, the paralegal who helped with my application for a Nanjing police certificate, was exemplary in every way. He introduced himself at the beginning; responded to questions and requests promptly; showed initiative to track down the right people; and was patient and reassuring, building trust and confidence in his competence and the professionalism of the firm.
Gary and his team are very knowledgeable, professional, efficient and always patient… They always thought ahead and helped us to get well organized and prepared. Working with Gary and his team made the complicated visa process so much simpler, and made my life so much easier. So thank you so much!