A police certificate is sometimes referred to as a police clearance certificate (PCC), a no criminal record (NCR) certificate, or a certificate of no criminal conviction (CNCC). It is a document confirming you have no conviction (or listing your convictions) within a jurisdiction.
A China police certificate (无犯罪记录证明书) is available to cover periods an individual resides in a particular city. So if you have lived in more than one city, you may need a police certificate from each city.
Some cities will only issue certificates to foreigners holding a residence permit (居留许可), such as for a J-1 journalist, Z worker, or X student. In such cities, a police certificate will not be issued to cover periods of stay with an L tourist visa, F exchange visitor visa, or M business visa. (This is explained by the U.S. State Department here).
Procedures to apply for a China police certificate vary by locality. Typically, to apply the applicant or another person with a power of attorney (委托书) from the applicant must first visit the local police station where the applicant resided to obtain a police letter. Then, that police letter must be brought to the local notarial office to be notarized. The notarial office can issue the notarization in Chinese with an English translation, if requested. Processing times also vary by locality but are typically 3 to 7 weeks. We can send the police certificate to you via international courier, such as FedEx.
Note on Unobtainable Police Certificates
There are cases where a China police certificate is unobtainable. For example:
- If you no longer have your passport or temporary residence registration certificates showing you resided in the city, the local police station may be unable to confirm your residence, in which case they may not issue a police certificate; or
- As mentioned above, some cities will not issue a police certificate unless you held a residence permit.
The United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries will in some situations waive the police certificate requirement if the certificate is unobtainable. For instance:
- United States: “In the event that the immigrant establishes to the satisfaction of the consular officer that” a police clearance “is unobtainable, the consular officer may permit the immigrant to submit … other satisfactory evidence of the fact to which such document or record would, if obtainable, pertain.” 9 FAM 504.4-4(F) (emphasis added). Such other satisfactory evidence that a person has no criminal conviction may include, for example, “proof of membership in or affiliation with a reputable religious organization in a religious capacity during periods of foreign residence may be accepted as such evidence.” 9 FAM 504.4-4(B) (emphasis added). In our experience, an individual’s own affidavit or an employer letter may also be satisfactory evidence that a person has no convictions.
- Canada: Under the rules, an applicant who cannot obtain a police certificate may explain why and provide supporting evidence.
To prove that a police certificate is unobtainable, our law firm will gather the necessary evidence and apply for the certificate on your behalf. If the application is not accepted or is denied, we will make a formal request for a written explanation. If no written explanation is provided, we will provide a declaration summarizing the oral explanation given by the agency. The declaration will be accompanied by supporting evidence, relevant Chinese rules about issuance and notarization of police certificates, and certified English translations.
Legal Fees and Expenses
Our firm’s standard fee is USD 950 to 1200 to provide a police certificate for each city (or to provide proof that a certificate is unobtainable). Discounts are available if you need certificates from multiple cities or if multiple family members are applying at the same time. You can pay in USD or RMB. Payment options are listed in the below client questionnaire.
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We Can Assist Nationwide
We can assist with applying for police certificates nationwide, including but not limited to the following cities:
Beijing Municipality (北京)
Chongqing Municipality (重庆)
Shanghai Municipality (上海)
Tianjin Municipality (天津)
Anhui (安徽): Hefei (合肥)
Fujian (福建): Fuzhou (福州), Quanzhou (泉州), Fujian (厦门)
Gansu (甘肃): Lanzhou (兰州)
Guangdong (广东): Guangzhou (广州), Shenzhen (深圳), Shantou (汕头), Dongguan (东莞), Foshan (佛山)
Guizhou (贵州): Guiyang (贵阳)
Hainan (海南): Haikou (海口)
Hebei (河北): Shijiazhuang (石家庄)
Heilongjiang (黑龙江): Harbin (哈尔滨)
Henan (河南): Zhengzhou (郑州)
Hubei (湖北): Wuhan (武汉)
Hunan (湖南): Changsha (长沙)
Jiangsu (江苏): Nanjing (南京), Suzhou (苏州), Wuxi (无锡)
Jiangxi (江西): Nanchang (南昌)
Jilin (吉林): Changchun (长春)
Liaoning (辽宁): Shenyang (沈阳), Dalian (大连), Anshan (鞍山), Fushun (抚顺)
Qinghai (青海): Xining (西宁)
Shaanxi (陕西): Xi’an (西安)
Shandong (山东): Jinan (济南), Qingdao (青岛)
Shanxi (山西): Taiyuan (太原)
Sichuan (四川): Chengdu (成都)
Yunnan (云南): Kunming (昆明)
Zhejiang (浙江): Hangzhou (杭州), Wenzhou (温州), Ningbo (宁波)
Guangxi Zhuang (广西壮族): Nanning (南宁)
Inner Mongolia (内蒙古): Hohhot (呼和浩特)
Ningxia Hui (宁夏回族): Yinchuan (银川)
Xinjiang Uighur (新疆维吾尔族): Urumqi (乌鲁木齐)
Tibet (西藏): Lhasa (拉萨)
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